EIOPA has recently (25.10.2019) published the risk dashboard (RDB) update at October 2019.
The RDB is published on a quarterly basis, showing the level of risk for 8 (=7+1) risk categories. The latest outcome is reported in the table below, compared to the previous one (July 2019):
- Macro risks [high, stable]
This is an overarching category affecting the whole economy, which considers economic growth, monetary policies, consumer price indices and fiscal balances.
The economic environment remains fragile because of both the continuous decline of the GDP growth, which has been revised downwards across all geographic areas (the indicator is a weighted average over Euro Area, UK, Switzerland, US and BRICS) till 20Q2 and a further decline in swap rates, decreases from the previous quarter (0.30%, -0.50%) due to homogeneous declines in swap rates for all the currencies considered (EUR, GBP, CHF, USD); EUR moved from 0.26% to -0.04%. These outcomes point out a potential economic slowdown, together with the decrease in the inflation forecast (CPI: 1.60%, -0.10%), that remains a concern going forward. The unemployment rate remains at historical low levels. The ECB has announced a further decrease of the key rates, which will be reflected in later updates. CB’s BS globally shrank slightly, mainly driven by the FED, whose balance sheet is contracting by 9%.
- Credit risks [medium, stable]
This category measures the vulnerability to the credit risk by looking at the relevant credit asset classes exposures combined with the associated metrics (e.g. government securities and credit spread on sovereigns). Since the previous assessment, spreads have decreased across all corporate bond segments, but secured financial corporate bonds. The average credit quality step of investments slightly increased (1.83; +0.08), still corresponding to an S&P rating between AA and A.
The exposures of the Insurers in different asset classes remain quite stable and around
- 30.0% in European sovereign bonds, whose CDS spreads has slightly decreased
- 12.4% in non-financial corporate bonds, whose spreads have declined
- 7.3% in unsecured financial corporate bonds, whose spreads has declined
- 3.0% in secured financial corporate bonds, whose spreads has slightly increased
- 0.6% in loans and mortgages
- Market risks [high, stable]
This vulnerability of the insurance sector to adverse developments is evaluated based on the investment exposures, while the current level of riskiness is evaluated based on the volatility of the yields together with the difference between the investment returns and the guaranteed interest rates. The market risks remain stable, reflecting the stability of the portfolios’ allocations of insurers, where the volatility of the bonds, largest asset class (60% of exposure), increased, opposed to the decreased volatility of the equity market (6.3%), while the property one (3.2% exposure) remained stable.
- Liquidity and funding risk [medium, stable]
The vulnerability to liquidity shocked is monitored measuring the lapse rate, the holding in cash and the issuance of catastrophe bonds (low volumes or high spreads correspond to a reduction in the demand which could forma a risk). The median liquid assets ratio is stable at 65%, while the average ratio of coupons to maturity has increased, as well as the issued bond volumes (6.3bln euro, +1bln). Lapse rates in life business are broadly stable, showing a median lapse rate around 2.3% (slightly decreased).
- Profitability and solvency [medium, stable]
The solvency level is measured via SCR and quality of OF, while the profitability via return on investments and combined ratio for the life and non-life sectors. SCR ratios for both groups and non-life undertakings have remained broadly stable, though a decline across the whole distribution has been observed for life undertakings (165%, -12%).
- Interlinkages and imbalances [medium, decreasing]
Interlinkages are assessed between primary insurers and reinsurers, insurance and banking sector and among the derivative holdings. The exposure towards domestic sovereign debt is considered as well. The risks shows a decreasing trend due to a reported decrease in the share of
premiums ceded to reinsurers and to a slight decrease in the median exposure to domestic sovereign debt. Insurance groups’ investments in banks, insurers and other financial institutions remained broadly unchanged.
- Insurance (underwriting) risk [medium, stable]
Indicators for insurance risks are gross written premia, claims and losses due to natural catastrophes. The catastrophe loss ratio declines (5.1%, -2.5%), while overall insurance loss ratios have remained broadly unchanged. Median premium growth in life business increased (%, +1.5%), premium growth in non-life business remains stable around 4%.
- Market perception [medium, stable]
The market perception remains constant at medium level. The quantities assessed are relative stock market performances (insurance stock underperformed the Stoxx 600 both in life and non-life segments, this is particularly notable for the life sector), price to earnings ratio (declined from the previous assessment: median 11.3%, -1.1%), CDS spreads (median value stable 64.3bps) and external rating outlooks (unchanged from the last quarter).